Making Democracy Work

Letters to the Editor

Letter to Editor

Dear Editor

The fight for a fair tax in Illinois is gaining momentum, thanks to a groundswell of support from small business owners, people of faith, public servants, service providers, everyday taxpayers and legislators.

They know that cuts of $2 billion this fiscal year and $5 billion the next without further budget cuts to public safety, education and other critical social services are both untenable and unsustainable.

They know that Illinois families cannot afford the higher property taxes that might be necessary to fund Illinois' essential services.

They know that Illinois must meet its fiscal responsibilities, and at the same time be equitable to Illinois' families by creating a fair tax structure where all taxpayers would pay their fair share. The result would put money in the pockets of middle class families to help boost local economies and grow jobs.

They know that a fair tax is what Illinois needs.

State Senator Don Harmon has filed an amendment to the Illinois Constitution which, if passed, would produce the stable and sustainable revenue required to provide critical public and social services in Illinois, including education, public safety and health care.

As part of his proposal, Senator Harmon has introduced a rate schedule to provide a tax break to the 94% of Illinois taxpayers earning under $205,000. This rate schedule proposes 3 tax rates:

  • 2.9% on the first $12,500 of one's taxable income
  • 4.9% on the next $167,500 of one's income (up to $180,000)
  • 6.9% on any income above $180,000. Go to http://www.FairTaxCut.com to calculate your own tax rate.

The Illinois General Assembly is taking a recess until Tuesday, April 29; take the time to contact your state legislators and let them know that Illinois voters deserve the opportunity to vote in November on the proposed Illinois Constitutional Amendment and that a fair tax is right for Illinois families.

Peggy Healy, Hilary Denk Co-Presidents, League of Women Voters of Downers Grove/Woodridge/Lisle http://www.dgwl.il.lwvnet.org

Letter to Editor

Dear Editor:

The League of Women Voters of the United States believes that the proliferation of semi-automatic assault weapons and high-capacity ammo clips is a major health and safety threat. When the Lake Forest/Lake Bluff League recently reviewed mass murder statistics, most of the weapons used were assault weapons or semi-automatic handguns. High-capacity ammunition magazines enable a shooter to fire off many rounds rapidly without having to reload, making possible some of the worst mass murders ever committed. Given the recent heartbreaking killing of young, innocent children in what should have been a safe learning environment, it is clearly time that our state and federal legislators take action.

The League of Women Voters of Downers Grove/Woodridge/Lisle joins our fellow Leagues in supporting strong federal and state measures to limit the accessibility and regulate the ownership of semi-automatic assault weapons and high-capacity magazines by private citizens. It should be very hard for questionable people to purchase such items. Adequate resources should be allocated to regulate and monitor gun dealers. In addition, the League believes that strict penalties for improper possession of assault weapons, and for crimes committed with assault weapons and high-capacity ammo clips, should be enforced.

Most Americans, and most gun owners, indicate that they would support such sensible gun policies. This is not about being "anti-gun" or "gun control", this is about sensible gun policies for our health and safety. Please join the League of Women Voters in requesting that our legislators pass such sensible laws, thus becoming good ancestors to our children. You can obtain the current contact information for your state and federal legislators at the following League of Women Voters of Illinois web site: http://www.lwvil.org/officials.asp

Peggy Healy Hilary Denk Co-Presidents, League of Women Voters of Downers Grove/Woodridge/Lisle http://www.dgwl.il.lwvnet.org

GRIT Article

Graduated Rate Income Tax (GRIT A Airer Way to Tax)--Does Illinois Need a Graduated Rate/Fairer Income Tax? The Great Recession ended in June of 2009 but Illinois is still struggling with mounting debt, slow job growth, and a structural deficit. the state's ability to invest in things that grow jobs is curtailed by our ongoing structural deficit. Illinois' flat tax policy constrains the long-term economic growth in the state's private sector by over taxing our best consumers, low and middle income families. This practice directly reduces consumer spending because over time their income in real inflation adjusted terms has been flat or declining. Since these families do not generally have the ability to save, additional tax dollars they pay comes directly out of what they would otherwise spend in their local economies. This causes problems because the biggest driver of the private sector economy is consumer spending, which now accounts for over 66 percent of all economic ability. Illinois' tax system rands 3rd highest in tax burden for low income families of all states. The lowest 20% of Illinois earners (under $18, 000) have the largest tax burden (13.7%) with the highest 1% ($500,000 and up), paying only 5.3%. The Illinois Constitution requires the income tax to be a flat tax system. Of the 41 states with an individual income tax, all but 7 have a graduated tax rate structure. The regressive tax system also contributes to the structural deficit because it is not designed to grow to maintain needed services in a a modern economy. To be considered sustainable, a tax system must yield a stream of revenue that grows at the same pace as the services it is intended to fund. A graduated rate income/Fair tax could lower the tax rate of 94% of Illinois' taxpayers who earn under $150,000 while raising the effective rate on those making over $150,000 by just 3%. A graduated rate income/fair tax would not be a new tax but a new and fairer revenue system. A graduated rate/fair income tax will not hurt the economy but will actually help it. The nine states with the highest graduated income tax rate structures had better growth in the state GDP per capita, better change in median wage, and identical unemployment rates than the 9 states with no income tax. We know that regressive taxation increases inequalities and progressive taxation reduces inequalities. Focusing taxes on lower income families, who lose growth in income during inflation over time results in less revenues collected, which then cannot keep up with the economy. Taxation is focused where the economy is contracting instead of where it is expanding. This contributes to the structural deficit of the state because it is not designed to grow in order to maintain needed service levels of a modern economy. Structural deficits prevent the state from making investments in infrastructure, transit, education and other priorities. Regressive tax policy reduces consumer spending, creating a big problem since two-thirds of all economic activity is consumer spending. A strong economy needs their consumers to spend. With a regressive tax system, we know there will be major challenges with providing essential services since our revenues have not been growing along with the cost of those services. In fact, there have been many warnings that the State of Illinois is in a precarious financial condition and needs some solid changes very soon. Comptroller JUdy Baar Topinka noted that in the last four years, Illinois' general obligation bonds have been downgraded four times by Fitch, three times by Standard & Poor and four times by Moody's. Most recently Standard & Poor lowered the rating from A+ to A with a negative outlook giving Illinois the lowest credit score in the nation and costing taxpayers more in interest payments on borrowed funds. The State will soon by paying millions in interest to borrow. Illinois has been borrowing to pay overdue bills and still has $9 billion waiting to be paid. They are poised to go out for another $500 Million soon. And while the state struggles to pay its bills, those essential services will suffer with the budget process. Education is facing proration of categoricals and $400 million in General State Aid cuts next year because of increased pension cost pressure on the budget. This would be the third year that education suffers cuts and Illinois already ranks 50th in the nation for funding for our public schools. Even worse, recent projections by the Governor's office indicate that by the year 2015-2016 education spending will drop by more that $1.4 billion with human services dropping by $1 billion. There will continue to be serious cuts in services if our state legislators do not find a solution to the pension crisis. Pension debt payments will overtake every other service in our state if not resolved. Now at some $97 billion due, each day this is not resolved another $17 million is added to that total. The Governor's fiscal projections indicate that state taxes and federal assistance will increase in 2014-2015 by $600 million but pension obligations will increase by $945 million, wiping out the increase in revenues. There is not much good news for Illinois' financial future. With all this forecasting, it's clear that Illinois has a revenue problem and it's time to consider a new revenue plan. The League of Women Voters of Illinois supports a Graduated Rate/Fair income tax system. * Under one graduated tax model, a Graduated Rate/Fair Income Tax would bring in about $2.4 billion more in annual state revenue and a reduced tax for 94% of taxpayers. * Imposing a service tax similar to what our neighboring states have is projected to bring in more than $3 billion annually. The graduated rate research report, "The Case for a Graduated INcome Tax in Illinois" may be accessed at the Center for Tax and Budget Accountability website.